What Is the Difference Between Chronic vs Acute Leukemia?

What Is the Difference Between Chronic vs Acute Leukemia?

Leukemia is a type of cancer that arises in the bone marrow and generates abnormal white blood cells in high numbers. Leukemia is commonly referred to as cancer of the white blood cells. White blood cells help the body fight infection-causing bacteria, viruses, and fungi. They also fight foreign cells that may gain access to the body. In leukemia, the abnormal white blood cells regenerate too quickly and outnumber the normal cells.

Acute and Chronic Leukemia are classified based on how fast the condition progresses and the type of cells involved. Acute and Chronic leukemia is the broader classifications of the condition. Consequently, the types of leukemia are either classified as acute or chronic. Lymphocytic and Myelogenous leukemia are classifications based on the type of cell affected by the condition. 

What are the Types of Leukemia? 

Based on the classification mentioned earlier, the types of leukemia include:

  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
  • Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Differences Between Acute vs. Chronic Leukemia

Acute and Chronic Leukemia can be confusing but are very distinct. It is already established that acute and chronic leukemia are classified based on how fast the condition progresses. To break it down further, acute Leukemia is a condition where the abnormal blood cells produced are immature and, consequently, are unable to function normally or as expected by the body. 

Additionally, the abnormal cells multiply rapidly, making the condition worsen fast. Acute myelogenous leukemia presents itself as a condition that generates immature myelogenous cells that multiply quickly. On the other hand, acute lymphocytic leukemia develops immature lymphoid cells, which multiply quickly.

Chronic leukemia leads to the generation of mature cells, but they multiply slowly. The cells can function normally for some time.   Most patients with chronic leukemia may not experience the symptoms initially and can stay undiagnosed for a long time. Chronic leukemia can produce too many or too few cells, depending on the type of condition. 

The major differences between chronic and acute leukemia are based on the maturity of the cells and the speed of replication of the cells. 

Get in Touch with the Cancer and Blood Disorders Treatment Centre for More Information on Leukemia Treatment

Dr. Meelu is a board-certified physician in Medical Oncology (cancer) and Hematology (blood disorders). He works closely with our team of RNs for our patients’ best treatment and care. Leukemia may often need intense care and treatment in the best-equipped hospitals. We work closely with the hospitals to ensure that patients go through the process smoothly. If you need more information concerning leukemia, do not hesitate to get in touch. We can examine your condition, and we will take care of any treatment that can be done locally at our center. If you have any comments or questions, contact us by filling out our online form or by phone at 301-638-1007. We will get back in touch with you as soon as possible.

Leave a Reply